Introductions aux Dialogues de Platon (1804-1828) - Leçons d'histoire de la philosophie (1819-1823)
592 pages - mars 2004
This book consists of the first French translation of F. D. E. Schleiermacher’s ‘Introductions’ to the dialogues of Plato as well as F. Schlegel’s texts concerning Plato. The translation is preceded by an introduction, where the author shows how the philosophical challenge has made romantic thinkers neglect the historical truth in their exegeses of Plato. Schlegel’s conception of Platonist philosophy, indeed of all philosophy, is totally in contradiction with the idea of the existence of an unwritten Platonist doctrine with a tendency to systematization. According to Schlegel, ‘philosophy that aspires to float off into infinity, without ever getting there, cannot be confined to writings or letters and systems’. Only the dialectic mode is capable of reflecting the constant to-and-fro of thought in search of infinity’. Plato’s specific philosophy was confounded with philosophy in general because Plato had succeeded in bringing the form and the matter of his thoughts together in his writings. Plato did have a philosophy, but not a system: his philosophy never reached the stage of completion.’ In his writing, Plato had chosen the most adequate genre to convey his conception of the method and form of philosophical discourse, that is to say dialogue. Far from coding Plato’s doctrines, the dialogues encompassed the quintessence of his philosophy. In his ‘Introductions to the dialogues of Plato’, Schleiermacher takes Schlegel’s philosophical presuppositions for his own, making them more absolute and substituting ‘organizationist’ hermeneutics for the systemizing hermeneutics of W.G. Tennemann. Far from being universally accepted, the ‘romantic paradigm’ attracted critical reactions even at that time, especially from the eminent philologist and disciple of Schleiermacher, A. Boeckh, and from K.F. Hermann. Today, the debate continues between the anti-esotericists and the defenders of Platonist esotericism, who maintain that it is not a question of combating Schleiermacher, but continuing further along the path he himself mapped out. The ambition of this book is to make accessible to the informed reader the texts that form the basis of this debate that began at the beginning of the 19th century, so that they may judge for themselves.
- Dimensions : 125x195x30
- ISBN : 9782204071994
- Poids : 608 grammes
Avec la collaboration de : Marie-Dominique Richard