Des Tibbonides à Maïmonide
Collection Nouvelle Gallia Judaïca
256 pages - avril 2009
The settlement of Andalusian Jews in Occitania is a well-established fact. Persecuted by the Almohads, adepts of a strict Islam, Jewish families from the south of the Iberian Peninsula came seeking asylum in Languedoc, at the very time (1140s) when Maimonides and his people found refuge for the same reasons in Fes, then in Egypt. So it was that the town of Lunel welcomed the most ancient of a famous lineage (four generations of learned men, thinkers, translators of Arabic into Hebrew) who, encouraged by local men of letters, would introduce their vast knowledge of Arabic expression to the lands of Lengadocien. Into this dynamic enters the translation, in the south of France, of Maimonides’ ‘Guide for the Perplexed’ by Samuel ibn Tibbon, the son of a refugee from Granada. The local enthusiasm in the Jewish Lengadocien communities for Maimonides’ rationalist thinking, and by extension for philosophy and the profane sciences, was such that it alarmed conservative minds, anxious to preserve the integrity of the Jewish religion and tradition. The resulting stormy debate generated conflicts, divides, scissions and controversies; then, at a later stage, excommunications. Montpellier found itself at the heart of the polemic. This specific celebration of the eighth centenary of the death of Maimonides probably wasn’t the only one to take place in 2004. On the other hand, seen against a background which situates the ‘Jewish School of Lunel’ in the diffusion of Maimonides’ philosophy in Arabic (translated into Hebrew here in the south of France) to the Western world, such a commemoration in Montpellier, organised by the Nouvelle Gallia Judaica in partnership with the Institut universitaire euro-méditerranéen Maïmonide, takes on all its meaning.
- Dimensions : 145x235x15
- ISBN : 9782204088107
- Poids : 420 grammes
Avec la collaboration de : Abraham David, Béatrice Bakhouche, Claude Raynaud, Danièle Iancu-Agou, Élie Nicolas, Esther Starobinsky-Safran, Gad Freudenthal, Gérard Nahon, Josep Ribera, Michel Chalon, Miquel Beltrán, Mireille Loubet, Patrick Florençon, Paul B. Fenton, Ram Ben-Schalom, Simon Schwarzfuchs, Yael Zirlin